Seven Types of Learning Disabilities

I’m reading this great book titled, “The Survival Guide for kids with LD*.” Even though I post mainly about mental health, there are many people who do struggle with anxiety and depression as a result of a learning disability. Knowing and understanding this information is also important for breaking the mental illness stigma.

There are seven types of known Learning Disabilities, they are:

  1. Talking and Listening LD (Speech and Language LD)

People with talking and listening LD have wonderful ideas, but they have difficulty verbally expressing their ideas to others. They may talk slowly or struggle with pronouncing. People with talking and listening LD hear when other people are talking, but they struggle in understanding the information. They may ask people to repeat what they said, and it may cause them to think they are not listening, which is not the case.

    2. Reading LD

Like what the label says, people with reading LD struggle with reading. They may have a hard time learning the alphabet or sounding out words. Sometimes, when they are reading, letters and words seem to move on the page. People with Reading LD may skip lines when they read or repeat lines they’ve already read. Also, they may have a hard time understanding what they are reading.

   3. Writing LD

People who have writing LD struggle putting the variety of ideas they have on paper. Grammar, spelling, and handwriting are difficult for them.

4. Math LD

People with math LD do not understand what numbers or symbols mean. They have trouble memorizing math facts and lining up numbers. Even though may get the right answer on a problem, they don’t understand the process of how they received the answer.

    5. Organizing Skills LD

People who have organizing skills LD have difficulty being organized. They forget their assignments, and if they are given too many directions at one time, they forget what they need to do. They may have messy desks at schools and messy rooms at home. Some people may have difficulty keeping track of time and are late to class or activities.

6. Social Skills LD (Non-verbal LD)

People who have social skills LD have a hard time “reading” people and understanding social cues. They laugh or speak at the wrong time and interrupt conversations. They do not understand the jokes their friends are saying and stand too close to people. They struggle making friends.

7. Motor LD

People with motor LD struggle controlling their muscles, they move slowly, have trouble running, riding a bike, jumping, hopping, and playing sports. Their balance is not the best, and they are teased for being clumsy. Some people struggle using their hands and pictures, holding a pencil or using scissors is difficult for them. Simple tasks such as buttoning a shirt, tying shoes, and using utensils are a mission for them.

Photo Courtesy: By Wildjinjer (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

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