It drives me crazy when people who aren’t diagnosed with OCD tell me they have it because things have to be in the ‘right place’ or they are perfectionists in everything they do. Do you believe your actions are senseless? Do you suffer from anxiety and shame because of your actions? Do you worry what other people think because of what you’re doing? Do you have obsessions that you can’t get rid of except temporarily through physical compulsions? Think about it. Perhaps you don’t have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder but Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder.
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder in which individuals have an overwhelming need for order, are unwilling to hand responsibilities to others, have a sense of righteousness about ‘how things should be done,’ and are strict on rules and regulations. For the most part they have an extreme type A personality.
The symptoms of OCPD are:
1. Extreme devotion to work that it diminishes social and personal relationships
2. Excessive fixation to lists, rules, and minute details.
3. Perfectionism to the point it decreases work efficiency
4. Follows moral codes and ethical rules to the tee.
5. Doesn’t give responsibility to anyone.
6. Generosity non-existent
7. Hoarding behaviors.
The differences between OCD and OCPD are:
1. People with OCD know their thoughts and compulsions are irrational, people with OCPD do not.
2. The worries, thoughts, and concerns that OCD sufferers have is usually not related to real life, OCPD sufferers use their actions to manage everyday tasks.
3. OCD interferes with work, friends, family, and social life. OCPD usually interferes with interpersonal relationships.
4. OCD sufferers feel tortured by their thoughts and know they require treatment. People with OCPD believe they don’t need treatment.
No one really knows what causes OCPD. Some theories are that people who have it had overly strict and controlling parents. Cultural factors such as authoritative religions or societies may have played a role.
Treatment for OCPD include:
1. Psychotherapy- such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy
2. Medicine-such as Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI)
3. Relaxation-breathing exercises or relaxation techniques.
If someone suspects that you may have OCPD, please get help. You may not like it, but it will help you have better relationships with yourself and others.
Information Courtesy from http://www.ocfoundation.org/uploadedfiles/maincontent/find_help/ocpd%20fact%20sheet.pdf