What is CBT? Cognitive Behavior Therapy or CBT is a form of psychotherapy that explores the connection between moods, thoughts, and behaviors. Patients are able to explore their thought or behavior patterns and modify them to develop better coping strategies.
Who developed CBT? Dr. Aaron T. Beck, a psychotherapist at the University of Pennsylvania, in the 1960’s.
What model is it based on? CBT is based on the model that it is not events itself that anger us, but the meanings we give to it.
When is CBT used? CBT is used to treat anxiety disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, substance abuse disorders, sleep disorders, and psychotic disorders.
CBT Treatment: Patients meet with therapists each week for around 50 minutes. During this time, the patients speaks about the problems and the therapist helps him or her tackle them. CBT is provides a toolbox of coping mechanism such as reframing attitudes toward events.
Citations: http://psychcentral.com/lib/in-depth-cognitive-behavioral-therapy/000907 and http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Inform_Yourself/About_Mental_Illness/About_Treatments_and_Supports/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy1.htm
Who develop DBT? Marsha Linehan, Ph.D., ABPP, at the University of Washington, in the 1980’s.
What model is DBT based on? DBT is based on the model that the BPD, or any other mental disorder, is rooted in biological disorder combined with environment disorder.
When is DBT used? DBT, emotional dysegregtation,and treating people with severe depression and associated suicidal thoughts.
DBT Treatment-Individual weekly psychotherapy sessions and Group therapy. In individual weekly psychotherapy sessions, therapy emphasizes on problem solving behavior for the past issues and troubles that come up in the person’s life. Self Injury and suicidal associations take first priority. Group therapy lasts about 2 1/2 hours and and is lead by a certified DBT Therapist. Clients learn skills from four modules, interpersonal effectiveness, distress tolerance/reality acceptance skills, emotion regulation, and mindfulness.